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Final Conference | GLASE



Final Conference of the GLASE Strategic Research Project

June 13 and 14, 2019

University of Helsinki, Metsätalo Hall 2 (Unioninkatu 40, Helsinki)

Welcome to the final conference of the GLASE Research Project. The Conference “Multilayered Borders of Global Security” will be organised on June 13 and 14, 2019 at the University of Helsinki.

During the conference, we will present and discuss the project findings in four sessions, which each examines projects themes from different perspectives. Besides our own researches, we have invited distinguished speakers to give their keynotes as well as participate in discussions. Their abstracts and biographies will be published soon.

The Conference is aimed at consortium members, cooperating partners, decision-makers, NGO representatives and other interested researchers and parties. Registration is now open!

Below you will find the programme outline of the conference as well as the registration form.

In case of any questions, please don´t hesitate to contact our conference secretary at sanna.hentunen@helsinki.fi


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June 13

  • 09:00 Welcome Words James Scott
  • 09:30 Keynote I Eiki Berg: The Politics of Unpredictability, and Norm Blurring: Beware of the Bear in Russia’s Backyard!
  • 10:30 Session I Border crossing, security and resilience
  • 12:30 Joint lunch
  • 13:45 Keynote II Stefan Berger: Search of a Global “West”: Conceptualizations of “the West” in
    Modern Europe
  • 14:45 Session II Changing Finnish Security environment
  • 16:45 First day ends
Session I details

Session I: Border crossing security and resilience


  • Professor Anssi Paasi, University of Oulu
    Introduction to the session: the changing roles of borders and border research
  • Associate professor  Jussi Laine, University of Eastern Finland
    Deterrent Border Politics, Ontological Security and the Subversive Power of the Migrant
  • Researcher Minna Piipponen, University of Eastern Finland
    Asylum seekers and security at the Northern Finnish-Russian border: analysing ‘Arctic route episode’ of 2015-2016
  • Researchers Sari Lindblom & Maisa Anttila, Finnish Border Guard
  • Docent, senior research fellow Eeva-Kaisa Prokkola, University of Oulu
    Border securitization and regional resilience in the 2015 asylum seekers reception in Finland


  • Commentary:
    Docent Anna-Kaisa Kuusisto, University of Tampere
Session II details

Session II: Changing Finnish Security environment


  • Professor Ilkka Liikanen, University of Eastern Finland
    Shifting East-West Perspectives of Finnish Security Environment
  • Researcher Aappo Kähönen, University of Helsinki
    Encountering the West: Russian threat perceptions of border security
  • Associate Professor Olga Davydova-Minguet, University of Eastern Finland
    Othering the West: Russian media and memory politics in transnational public spheres

Roundtable on Changing Finnish Security Environment


  • Professor James Scott, University of Eastern Finland, PI, Multilayered Borders of Global Security, GLASE


  • Professor Vladimir Kolosov, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Director Teija Tiilikainen, Finnish Institute of International Affairs
  • Director Niklas Lindqvist, Unit for Russia, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland

June 14

  • 09:00 Session III The welfare state and self-reinforcing divides between us and them
  • 11:00 Keynote III Sarah Green: How to make European safe spaces: some paradoxes from the
  • 12:00 Joint lunch
  • 13:15 Session IV Muuttoliike ja arjen turvallisuus (In Finnish)
  • 14:15 Coffee Break
  • 14:30 Session IV continues
  • 16:00 Farewell
Session III details

Session III: The welfare state and self-reinforcing divides between us and them


  • Professor Pauli Kettunen, University of Helsinki
    Welfare state, competition state, security state
  • Researcher Saara Pellander, Tampere University
    Gendered dynamics of bordering processes
  • Researcher Noora Kotilainen, University of Helsinki
    Divisive images of global community
  • Researcher Jaana Palander, University of Eastern Finland
    The role of NGOs in integration policies


  • Commentary
    Mia Luhtasaari, The Advisory Board for Ethnic Relations, Ministry of Justice
Session IV details

Session IV: Muuttoliike ja arjen turvallisuus

Osa I

Klo 13.15–13.20
Professori Laura Assmuth, Itä-Suomen yliopisto

Klo 13.20–13.40
Tutkijat Ville-Samuli Haverinen & Pirjo Pöllänen, Itä-Suomen yliopisto
Turvapaikanhakijat suomalaisen hyvinvointivaltion odotushuoneessa

Klo 13.40–14.00
Tutkija Saara Pellander, Helsingin yliopisto & Erikoistutkija Johanna Hiitola, Siirtolaisuusinstituutti: Perheestä erossaolo ja arjen turvallisuus

Klo 14.00–14.15



Klo 14.30–14.50
Tutkija Jaana Palander, Itä-Suomen yliopisto
Turvapaikanhakijan oikeusturva ja arjen oikeusapu

Klo 14.50–15.10
Tutkija Teemu Oivo, Itä-Suomen yliopisto
Kaksoiskansalaisuus ja Suomen venäläisyys – kenen turvallisuus?

Klo 15.10–15.25

Klo 15.25–15.40
Vastaava tutkija Marja Tiilikainen, Siirtolaisuusinstituutti
Monitahoinen arjen turvallisuus

Klo 15.40–16.00


Eiki Berg

The Politics of Unpredictability, and Norm Blurring: Beware of the Bear in Russia’s Backyard!

Bio: Eiki Berg is Professor of International Relations at the University of Tartu. He has published widely in leading peer-reviewed journals on bordering practices, identity politics and de facto states. He is co-editor of Routing Borders Between Territories, Discourses and Practices (Ashgate, 2003), Identity and Foreign Policy: Baltic-Russian Relations and European Integration (Ashgate, 2009), and The Politics of International Interaction with de facto States: Conceptualising Engagement without Recognition (Routledge, 2018). During the years 2003-2004 he served as MP in Estonian Parliament and observer to the European Parliament, EPP-ED faction, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Human Rights, Common Security and Defence Policy. In 2012, he received National Science Award in the field of Social Sciences for the research in “Identities, Conflicting Self-Determination and De Facto States”.

Abstract: The areas between Russia and the EU find themselves in a renewed geopolitical competition: while the EU is advocating for a zone of stability, security, and economic cooperation on its Eastern flanks, Russia has tried to re-assert its influence in the common neighbourhood through a range of intervention/engagement strategies. Importantly, Russia has been involved in the secessionist conflicts by providing military and economic backing for de facto states (Transnistria in Moldova, South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia, Nagorno-Karabakh in Azerbaijan, Donbas in Ukraine), making hopes of conflict resolution conditional on maintaining close and friendly relations with itself. In the Crimean case, we see that Russia’s systematic instrumental use of norms such as the obligation to refrain (O2R) from using force, or self-determination, has blurred their original meanings and become Russia’s preferred strategy in the international war of interpretations. This politics of unpredictability has led Russia to act in self-defence unilaterally and outside of the framework of the United Nations (UN), going against not only some of its own declared principles while following others, but also further strengthening the discursive gap with the West.

Bio: Stefan Berger is a historian working at Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum. He has been studying European history with special attention to borders, transfers and comparisons, especially in the fields of labour history, the history of social movements, nationalism, national identity studies, historical writing, deindustrialisation and industrial heritage. He was the PI of NHIST (Writing National Histories in Modern Europe) that was a European Science Foundation a la carte programme between 2003 and 2008 and published its main results in a  nine-volume book series between 2007 and 2015. He is currently PI of UNREST (Unsettling Remembering and Social Cohesion in Contemporary Europe) – a Horizon 2020 programme that examines memory regimes in relation to the memory of war. He is also directing a major comparative project on deindustrialisation, structural change and industrial heritage funded by the Regionalverband Ruhr, Ruhrkohle AG und RAG-Stiftung in Germany.

Abstract: The West’ was a powerful concept within modern European history albeit one that changed its meanings – both over time and according to place. The concept originated in the west, yet the west also developed powerful critiques of Occidentalism. The borders of what constituted the west changed frequently: from the perspective of German history, for example, Germany sometimes was included in what constituted the west, and sometimes it was excluded. In relation to Europe as a whole, the west was sometimes used synonymously with Europe, at other times it incorporated the transatlantic partnership with the US and North America, and at others it neatly divided the European continent. The borders of the concept of ‘the west’ were extremely fuzzy. There always were contested and intermediate zones. In the first part of this paper I will investigate diverse conceptualizations of ‘the west’ over time and space. In the second part I will look at counter-concepts and analyse the bordering of the concept over time.

Stefan Berger

Search of a Global “West”: Conceptualizations of “the West” in Modern Europe


How to make European safe spaces: some paradoxes from the peripheries

Bio: Sarah Green is an anthropologist working at the University of Helsinki. She has been studying issues of location, place and borders in a range of different areas, including the Greek-Albanian border and the Greek-Turkish border in the Aegean region. She was the founder and chair of EastBordNet, a network of researchers working on the eastern peripheries of Europe, who collaborated together to try to understand how the meaning of ‘Europe’ was undergoing transformation along that periphery. She is currently working on an ERC Advanced Grant called Crosslocations  and an Academy of Finland project called Transit, Trade and Travel. Both of those projects concern questions of location in the Mediterranean.

Abstract: Anyone who has lived on the wrong side of the tracks will know that security is a relative term. A security camera makes some people feel reassured, while it makes others feel threatened; some think that walls make good neighbours, whereas others think that walls create prisons on one side and exclusions on the other. Securing the borders of the European Union against spontaneous migration might make some people feel safe, while it leads to the death of others. Security, as an idea, is axiomatically value-laden, embedding within it basic premises about what is to be protected and what counts as the threat. In the context of Europe, these values have become contested terrain in recent years: differences in opinion about what counts as the most fundamental European values have grown starker and wider. Through ethnographically considering some of the crisscrossing dilemmas that appear at the peripheries of the European region, places where it is not clear which side is Europe and which is not, the paper explores the paradox of trying to generate security over a territory on behalf of an idea, Europe, whose meaning is multiple and contested.

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